ReactJS vs AngularJS vs VueJS – An extensive comparison
Let’s do a head to head comparison between these 3 frameworks.
The simplicity of programming and development time
Now when you compare the three frameworks about the simplicity of coding and the average length of code lines developers need to write, each framework again differs a lot from one another.
AngularJS seems to be more complex and a little confusing because of its syntax. This also puts it behind the other two frameworks in terms of development time.
ReactJS is fairly simple and straightforward for the developers to understand and start with. But the real difficulty is that it takes a considerable time to set up ReactJS project.
VueJS in comparison to the two others is very easy to set up and faster to start a project because of its MVC model and the feature of data binding.
Size and loading time
Size of a framework is crucial to ensure faster loading time. In this respect too, there are considerable differences among the 3 frameworks.
AngularJS is heavier than other two and naturally takes longer to load.
ReactJS in respect of size comes somewhere in between the two options, respectively AngularJS and VueJS.
VueJS being very small sized framework contains almost everything developers need. Naturally, it is the best framework for faster loading into mobile devices.
Challenges in respect of human resource and recruitment
Comparison of components
All these frameworks that we are presently discussion have one thing in common that they are component-based. Because if being component based they offer a high level of reusability across development projects. A component used in one project can be utilised with other data sets.
Access to all-equipped library
Angular strongly prescribes the way an app should be structured and comes with ready to use functionality. This is why Angular is more a framework than a library. With AngularJS you can just readily start building the app. But this from the seasoned developer’s point of view is a big limitation as well. The framework is seriously devoid of an equipped as well as flexible library.
In complete contrast, robust and flexible libraries are the key strengths of both React and Vue. The libraries of both the framework are capable to be paired with all types of packages. But this huge flexibility also requires handling the programming tasks with a lot of responsibility. Particularly with ReactJS, you have no guiding rules at your disposal. You need to decide about the architecture in every project and so, you are always vulnerable to mistakes.
Vue appears as the cleanest and lightweight among these 3 frameworks. It offers a balanced approach comprising what it comes packed with and the things developers need to do while using it. Apart from being very flexible it keeps your programming efficient and keeps DOM related difficulties to a minimum.
To test ReactJS code Facebook uses Jest and there is also Mocha . There are other effective frameworks for testing ReactJS code too. React comes with very well grounded testing mechanism to help you evaluate your finished work very easily.
AngularJS also comes equipped with the good testing mechanism and there are popular testing frameworks like Jasmine in Angular 2 which easily shows various ways to write tests and assertions.
When it comes to VueJS, the framework really lacks a proper testing guideline. The framework works well with Karma and also with Jest.
Pros and cons of ReactJS, AngularJS and VueJS
Let us now have a brief look at the key pros and cons of all three frameworks mentioned that we explained.
Pros and cons of React JS
- Reusability of components: ReactJS his component based and offer a high degree of code reusability. Thanks to this developers can maintain a consistent look and feel of the app throughout a project.
- Virtual DOM: ReactJS comes with virtual DOM that prevents performance issues caused by DOM manipulation.
- A whole range of developer tools: ReactJS makes it further easier with a whole array of developer tools. You have every kind of tool of your preference for both debugging and designing.
- Navigation is not handy: React Native lacks those components that offer seamless and user optimised navigation.
- The absence of Custom Modules for building UX: For user optimised app user experience having custom modules are the order of the day but you don’t have any with ReactJS.
- Native implementation still needs native developers: Though ReactJS comes with few modules for implementing native features, accessing several device functions and sensors you still require the support of native developers.
- You are dependent on the Facebook license: Though Facebook makes an available lot of resources, you are still dependant on the Facebook license.
Pros and cons of AngularJS
- Automate DOM Manipulation and Data binding: AngularJS comes equipped with two way data binding and automated DOM manipulation.
- Testing and Maintenance: AngularJS is great for debugging as it comes loaded with advanced refactoring and debugging properties. Testing tools like Karna and Protractor and the availability of dependency injections make life further easier for the developers.
- Separation of Concerns: Thanks to the MVW model AngularJS is great for separation of concerns and cleaner faster development.
- Deep Linking module: For single page app development AngularJS offers a deep linking module that just helps the way Ajax is used.
- Tools and Filters: You can also combine AngularJS with several other tools and filters. For example, you can work with the WordPress API. You can get the JSON files of your WordPress website data and by putting them through AngularJS can deliver a high-speed frontend experience.
- Insufficient Documentation: According to many developers AngularJS doesn’t have sufficient documentation covering every detail aspects.
- Debugging difficulties: Debugging difficulties make a big problem with AngularJS framework.
Pros and cons of Vue JS
- Smaller in size: VueJS compared to other two frameworks is really small and lightweight. It just takes 18kb space with a zip file. In spite of such small size, it is capable to do better than many bulky frameworks.
- Easy for developers: Offering developers capability to build large-scale templates it saves a lot of time and makes the development easier.
- Easy for integrating components: whether you want to develop a single page app from the scratch or want to integrate components into an existing app, VueJS makes integration extremely easier.
- Very well written and detailed documentation: Vue.js offers a very comprehensive and detailed documentation to help beginners writing an app easily.
- Flexibility: VueJS is very flexible for building all sorts of apps ranging from simple browser apps to highly sophisticated and feature-rich apps.
- Two-way binding: Vue.js allows two-way data binding to boost responsiveness of apps and capability to work with a variety of components.
- A limited developer community: Without being as popular as the React or Angular Vue.js is backed by a closed and smaller community of developers.
- Language constraint: From the creator to the majority of the developers, most of them belong to non-English speaking community and that is one big constraint for developers to access community help.
- The overburden of options: Being too flexible it comes with too many options that at times it felt like a burden, especially in large projects involving too many developers.