Before we start comparing these two stacks in detail, let us start with the basics.
It is the most traditional stack that received widespread traction among web developers worldwide. Most importantly, it is constituted by only free, open-source and tremendously popular languages that are widely used for building dynamic websites and web apps. Every element of the LAMP stack has the support of a robust global community. Some of the key reasons that contributed to the popularity of LAMP stack is it’s open-source nature, flexibility, ease of development and deployment, a lot of customisation options, an array of security features and the support of a robust worldwide developer community.
Over the years, LAMP stack also evolved into several variants. Let us have a look at some of the key variants of LAMP stack.
As for variation, MEAN stack as of now has only one variant, namely MEEN stack. In MEEN stack the AngularJS framework is replaced by the Ember.js framework.
The database of a stack plays the most crucial role in ensuring pace and performance. With the MySQL database of LAMP stack, the app often suffers from the high transaction loads pulling down the loading speed and overall performance.
In contrast, the MongoDB database of MEAN stack is incredibly fast and within clustered setups, by trading off consistency it keeps the performance faster. This is why when a project can afford data loss once in a while for achieving speed and flexibility, MongoDB of MEAN stack comes as the ideal choice.
MySQL (RDBMS), the database constituent of LAMP stack is a very conventional database system which lacks optimisation for fast-paced app development with flexibility and quick response rate.
MongoDB (NoSQL database) which is a key constituent of MEAN stack is flexible and cross-platform database with detailed documentation. It is enabled with JSON-style documents offering dynamic schemas to ensure optimum simplicity, ease of use and easier integration into any app.
When it comes to scalability the most deterrent factor for the LAMP is the MySQL database. With a lot of requests and a high concurrency rate the performance of MySQL slumps down. With lower input or read and write ratio it performs better but with the ratio scaled up, the performance gets slower.
MEAN stack has superior advantages in respect of scaling up performance with the number of requests and inputs growing up. The stack is capable to scale up the database, frontend and backend as the rate of concurrency increases. Apart from this, MongoDB also offers support to auto-sharding and auto-failover to distribute the data evenly with automatic rearranging. This helps in scaling up the performance as the number of inputs increases.
When it comes to security, both LAMP and Mean stacks are considered fully secure and stable platforms with all the crucial security elements included.
Though LAMP stack is open source and free, the actual development cost with this stack is higher as you need to hire expert frontend and backend developers.
Comparatively, MEAN stack comes as a cost-effective option. It is also open source and most importantly, it doesn’t require expert frontend and backend developers.
LAMP continues to remain popular as a web development stack for several reasons. In spite of the recent wake of shifting allegiance to MEAN stack, LAMP seems to hold its popular presence for years to come. Let us have a look at the key reasons behind the continuing popularity of LAMP.
There are various reasons making the MEAN stack popular over LAMP stack. Let us have a look at the key aspects that make MEAN a better web development stack over the LAMP.
With a rich database layer in MongoDB, MEAN stack offers comprehensive cluster support and automatic sharding. MongoDB spreading across the cluster of servers offers automatic support for failover and for replication.
MySQL as the relational database component of the LAMP comes with a very confined structure that by pushing data always into tables at times makes feels like a big constraint. This often makes developers adding columns resulting in unbounding the tables or putting too much data into a column. In contrast, MongoDB comes with a more flexible document structure allowing to add fields in a form for extra data.
Anyone having some experience with LAMP stack agrees that navigating the server layers with various config files becomes a very difficult task. Thanks to Node.js this is simplified by MEAN stack.
The ease and simplicity of JSON are present throughout the MEAN stack. All Angular, MongoDB, Node.js and Express speak JSON allowing the neat flow of data across all the layers without rewriting and reformatting. By using the same JSON format for all data MEAN makes development process simpler as there is no need of reformatting as and when data flows through different layers. This also helps to integrate third-party APIs very easier for apps built with MEAN stack.
The event-driven architecture of Node.js makes it quicker and more performance optimised than Apache. As the impatient app users, these days are increasingly demanding fast-paced performance, even seconds delay can make an app lose the audience. This is why for ensuring fast-paced server support Node.js as a component of MEAN stack is an obvious choice.
As the web language PHP leads the bandwagon as it had been used across the vast majority of CMS platforms including WordPress or Drupal. In spite of the huge popularity and robust support, the promise of PHP for future apps looks bleak, especially when we compare it with the more versatile and easier Node.js. Node.js comes with the package manager NPM which allows easy code sharing. The future developers instead of looking forward to the new CMS updates may embrace Node.js which makes this updating process easier than ever before.
There is still no dearth of popularity for LAMP stack, especially for building simple single page apps. But, as MEAN stack has gained momentum with clear advantages on all fronts, this can be the standard for building future web apps.